The Role of Stainless Steel in Construction Industry
2016-03-26 Posted By:Infra Bazaar
Stainless Steel is one of the important materials used in Construction Industry or Building wide range of structural designs. We use stainless steel in the building pillars mainly because it has high resistance to corrosion. Also steel can be fabricated as per requirement and is known to provide resistance to high and low temperatures.
However, we have little knowledge in what type of Steel can be used in construction industry. This article will explain you all the details about the stainless steel.
Steel is a composition of Iron and Carbon materials. According to the World Steel Association, there are more than 3500 grades of steel. All these grades of steel are present in different percentages of composition of iron and carbon materials. Basically in Iron we use only 0.1% – 1.5% of carbon material, but we use 0.1% - 0.25% of carbon in steel for giving strength to steel and the remaining percentage is a combination of Manganese, Phosphorus and Sulphur alloys. Manganese will give strength to steel whereas Phosphorus and Sulphur will help the steel to lose its strength and the durability.
Majorly there are 4 types of steel.
1. Carbon Steels
2. Alloy Steels
3. Stainless Steels
4. Tool Steels
1. Carbon Steels: Carbon Steels contains 90% of alloy elements. Carbon steels are divided into 3 types.
Those are A. Mild Steels - containing up to 0.3% Carbon.
B. Medium Carbon Steels – containing up to 0.3% - 0.6% of Carbon.
C. High Carbon Steels – containing more than 0.6% of Carbon.
2. Alloy Steels: Alloy Steels contain alloy elements (e.g., Sulphur, Manganese, Phosphorus etc,.). The alloy elements help steels to vary its strength, durability, formability, weld ability and ductile ability.
3. Stainless Steels: Stainless Steels generally contain 10% - 20% of Chromium metal as the major alloying element and are valued for high corrosion resistance. Stainless steel is about 200 times more resistant to corrosion than Mild Steel.
4. Tool Steels: Tool Steels contains Molybdenum, Tungsten, Cobalt and Vanadium that helps steel remain intact in varying heat resistance and durability, making them an ideal cutting equipment and drilling equipment.
Steel is a sustainable material. It can be recycled infinity times, without losing its properties. Nothing will be wasted while recycling. 30% of the steel is recycled steel. Steel is inherently ductile and flexible. It can be extended and compressed while there are changes in the atmosphere and also it flexes under the extreme loads rater than crushing and crumbling.